No. 1 Constitutional Amendment
Article VI, Section 2
Citizenship Requirement to Vote in Florida Elections
This amendment provides that only United States Citizens who are at least eighteen years of age, a permanent resident of Florida, and registered to vote, as provided by law, shall be qualified to vote in a Florida election. Because the proposed amendment is not expected to result in any changes to the voter registration process in Florida, it will have no impact on state or local government costs or revenue. Further, it will have no effect on the state’s economy.
No. 2 Constitutional Amendment
Article X, Section 24
Raising Florida’s Minimum Wage
Raises minimum wage to $10.00 per hour effective September 30th, 2021. Each September 30th thereafter, minimum wage shall increase by $1.00 per hour until the minimum wage reaches $15.00 per hour on September 30th, 2026. From that point forward, future minimum wage increases shall revert to being adjusted annually for inflation starting September 30th, 2027. State and local government costs will increase to comply with the new minimum wage levels. Additional annual wage costs will be approximately $16 million in 2022, increasing to about $540 million in 2027 and thereafter. Government actions to mitigate these costs are unlikely to produce material savings. Other government costs and revenue impacts, both positive and negative, are not quantifiable.
THIS PROPOSED CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENT IS ESTIMATED TO HAVE A
NET NEGATIVE IMPACT ON THE STATE BUDGET. THIS IMPACT MAY RESULT IN
HIGHER TAXES OR A LOSS OF GOVERNMENT SERVICES IN ORDER TO
MAINTAIN A BALANCED STATE BUDGET AS REQUIRED BY THE CONSTITUTION.
No. 3 Constitutional Amendment
Article VI, Section 5
All Voters Vote in
Primary Elections for State Legislature, Governor, and Cabinet
Allows all registered voters to vote in primaries for state legislature, governor, and cabinet regardless of political party affiliation. All
candidates for an office, including party nominated candidates, appear on the same primary ballot. Two highest vote getters
advance to general election. If only two candidates qualify, no primary is held and winner is determined in general election.
Candidate’s party affiliation may appear on ballot as provided by law. Effective January 1, 2024. It is probable that the proposed amendment will result in additional local government costs to conduct elections in Florida. The Financial Impact Estimating Conference projects that the combined costs across counties will range from $5.2 million to $5.8 million for each of the first three election cycles occurring in even-numbered years after the amendment’s effective date, with the costs for each of the intervening years dropping to less than $450,000. With respect to state costs for oversight, the additional costs for administering elections are expected to be minimal. Further, there are no revenues linked to voting in Florida. Since there is no impact on state costs or revenues, there will be no impact on the state’s budget. While the proposed amendment will result in an increase in local expenditures, this change is expected to be below the threshold that would produce a statewide economic impact.
No. 4 Constitutional Amendment
Article XI, Sections 5 and 7
Voter Approval of Constitutional Amendments
Requires all proposed amendments or revisions to the state constitution to be approved by the voters in two elections, instead of one, in order to take effect. The proposal applies the current thresholds for passage to each of the two elections. It is probable that the proposed amendment will result in additional state and local government costs to conduct elections in Florida. Overall, these costs will vary from election cycle to election cycle depending on the unique circumstances of each ballot and cannot be estimated at this time. The key factors determining cost include the number of amendments appearing for the second time on each ballot and the length of those amendments. Since the maximum state cost is likely less than $1 million per cycle but the impact cannot be discretely quantified, the change to the state’s budget is unknown. Similarly, the economic impact cannot be modelled, although the spending increase is expected to be below the threshold that would produce a statewide economic impact. Because there are no revenues linked to voting in Florida, there will be no impact on government taxes or fees.
THE FINANCIAL IMPACT OF THIS AMENDMENT CANNOT BE DETERMINED DUE TO AMBIGUITIES AND UNCERTAINTIES SURROUNDING THE AMENDMENT’S IMPACT.
No. 5 Constitutional Amendment
Article VII, Section 4 and Article XII
Limitations on Homestead Property Tax
Assessments; increased portability period to transfer accrued benefit. Proposing an amendment to the State Constitution, effective January 1, 2021, to increase, from 2 years to 3 years, the period of time during which accrued Save-Our-Homes benefits may be transferred from a prior homestead to a new homestead.
No. 6 Constitutional Amendment
Article VII, Section 6 and Article XII
Ad Valorem Tax Discount for Spouses of Certain Deceased Veterans Who Had Permanent, Combat-Related Disabilities
Provides that the homestead property tax discount for certain veterans with permanent combat-related disabilities carries over to such
veteran's surviving spouse who holds legal or beneficial title to, and who permanently resides on, the homestead property, until he or she remarries or sells or otherwise disposes of the property. The discount may be transferred to a new homestead property of the surviving spouse under certain conditions. The amendment takes effect January 1, 2021.
Half Cent Sales Tax to provide funding for the Liberty County Volunteer Fire Department Services
Shall the Liberty County Board of County Commissioners adopt ordinance 16-05 and levy a 1/2 cent sales tax on all taxable goods sold within Liberty County for a period of 5 years, beginning January 1, 2022 and ending January 1, 2027, with revenues being distributed for Emergency Fire Rescue Services within Liberty County?
Yes, the ordinance shall pass
No, the ordinance shall not pass
Referendum Regarding Levy of Sales
Surtax By School Board to Finance Educational Facilities
Shall the Liberty County School District levy a school capital outlay surtax of one half percent (0.5%) for a period ten (10) years beginning January 1, 2021, and ending December 31, 2030, with collections commencing upon passage of the referendum, to finance
educational facilities, including construction, reconstruction, renovation, remodeling, land acquisition and improvement, retrofitting and the purchase of technology equipment, hardware, and software for the Liberty County School District, and the revenues collected from the Surtax shall be shared with eligible charter schools based on the charter school(s) proportionate share of the total school district
Yes = For the one-half percent (0.5 cents) sales surtax (TAX)
No = Against the one-half percent (0.5 cents) sales surtax (TAX)